Palace of Nebuchadnezzar II, Ancient Babylon, Al-Hillah, Iraq
The Palace of Nebuchadnezzar was dedicated to Nebuchadnezzar II (634-562 BCE), the greatest king of Ancient Babylon. Nebuchadnezzar II is well known for the destruction of the city and temple of Jerusalem, and the act of placing its population in exile. In addition, he was responsible for the development of many buildings and Public Works in Babylon, including the Ishtar Gate and the walls enclosing the city of Babylon (Organized Central Government). According to legend, he had built the Hanging Gardens for his wife, which today has become one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.